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5 things you should know about pregnancy, lactation and weaning

17 / 01 / 2019

Pregnant mares:

1.The pregnancy lasts about 11 months.

2. In its first 8 months, the fetus presents formidable developmental changes, but it grows very little, so their energy requirements are normal.

3. In the last three months, most of the growth occurs significantly increasing their nutritional requirements and energy and protein consumption.

4. The most critical nutrients are protein, calcium and phosphorus, as these are deposited largely on the fetus.

5. You should provide vitamins and minerals through food supplements, and a very good source of fiber (hay or green fodder) and water ad libitum.

Lactating mares:

1. The amount of energy needed by the mare will depend on the amount of milk produced (amount ingested by the foal).

2. The mare has the ability to produce daily 5% of its body weight in milk.

3. Energy consumption is higher compared with gestation.

4. There is a considerable increase in calcium and phosphorus requirements because they are extremely necessary for milk production.

5. It is very important to provide fiber (hay or green fodder) and water ad libitum.

Growing foals:

1. At birth, foals weigh between 8% and 10% of their adult weight.

2. In their first four months, must double their weight.

3. The goal of the breeder is to achieve optimal growth in the first year. This does not mean maximum growth.

4. Avoid over-feeding because it can produce a thickening or overweight, affecting skeletal development that has not yet matured.

5. Excessive energy consumption and little exercise and an unbalanced portion may be factors leading to developmental orthopedic diseases or foals crooked legs.

Undersand the nutritional requirements according to its gestational age, lactation or weaning. Let’s learn together about the equine world. Follow us on Facebook , Instagram and Youtube

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Nutritional Requirements of the Horse

Individual needs, the anatomical characteristics of their digestive system, their age, physiological characteristics and type of activity are some of the variables that influence the type of feeding and supplementation that our horses should receive. A balanced ration should include different ingredients or requirements as: energy, protein, vitamins, minerals and water.

17 Jan 2019

5 things you should know about pregnancy, lactation and weaning

Pregnant mares:

1.The pregnancy lasts about 11 months.