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Nutritional Requirements of the Horse

11 / 07 / 2019

Lucas Mejía Isaza
Agricultural Business Administrator, Equine Technician.
Management and Marketing Specialist.
Commercial and technical coordinator Companion Animals, PREMEX S.A.

Individual needs, the anatomical characteristics of their digestive system, their age, physiological characteristics and type of activity are some of the variables that influence the type of feeding and supplementation that our horses should receive. A balanced ration should include different ingredients or requirements as: energy, protein, vitamins, minerals and water.

It is important to note that the horse is a monogastric herbivore. Its stomach is small. The cecum and the colon act as a unit to process and ferment grass or forage, called the motor or the main ingredient for its digestive system to function properly, hence it is often heard that a good paddock is irreplaceable for its welfare.

Its health, ability to perform its work, to grow, reproduce and develop depends on its diet and each of the physiological stages. And, in turn, these nutritional requirements depend on these factors:

  • The appetite of a horse is related to its size. The bigger the animal, the higher the consumption.
  • State or body condition.

  • Type of work

  • Appetite.

  • Age.

  • Reproductive status.

  • Health.

  • Environment.

  • Management.

In conclusion, we must be aware and provide the horses a balanced and adjusted diet to their requirements, based on a good fodder, energy and protein supplements (concentrates), vitamin and mineral supplements.

Their diet may have small changes periodically, the important thing is to determine the purpose or goal of care and keep the horses in perfect condition, so their health, their performance and their status are the most appropriate, thus ensuring their wellness.

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11 Jul 2019

Nutritional Requirements of the Horse

Individual needs, the anatomical characteristics of their digestive system, their age, physiological characteristics and type of activity are some of the variables that influence the type of feeding and supplementation that our horses should receive. A balanced ration should include different ingredients or requirements as: energy, protein, vitamins, minerals and water.

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